Defence milestone as NATO turns 75

75 years of NATO security

Image of MATO headquarters. Credit: NATO/

On 4 April 4, 1949, NATO was formed, vowing collective defence and securing freedom for its members through a blend of political and military might.

Fast forward to 2024, and NATO commemorates its 75th anniversary at its Brussels headquarters, looking forward towards a summit scheduled for July 9-11 in Washington, D.C., the birthplace of its founding treaty.

A journey from 12 to 32 nations

The United Kingdom, a principal among the 12 founding nations, has been instrumental in NATO’s operations over these 75 years.

Initially situated in London, NATO’s headquarters shifted to Paris before settling in Brussels in 1967. This movement underscores the Alliance’s evolving nature, adapting and expanding its reach.

Facing modern challenges

In recent years, NATO has welcomed Sweden and Finland into its fold, significantly extending its borders and doubling its perimeter with Russia to 1,340 kilometres.

This expansion comes amid heightened tensions, notably the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, a move that intensified scrutiny on NATO’s eastern borders. The Alliance’s commitment to Ukraine, promising ‘all necessary support,’ underscores a strategic pivot towards ensuring regional stability.

Strengthening support for Ukraine

Amidst geopolitical shifts, NATO’s resolve remains steadfast. Jens Stoltenberg, the Secretary General, proposed a five year plan to bolster Ukraine’s defences, signalling a shift from ad hoc contributions to structured support.

The scheme, awaiting ratification at the July summit, reflects a commitment to ‘ensure reliable and predictable long-term military aid to Ukraine,’ as Stoltenberg says.

An alliance reinforced

As NATO navigates complex geopolitical landscapes, the United States reaffirms its allegiance. Antony Blinken, the US Secretary of State, praises NATO as ‘a stronger and more united alliance than ever.’

NATO’s 75th anniversary is more than a commemoration, it’s a reaffirmation of collective defence principles, an expansion of strategic boundaries, and a concerted effort to bolster regional and global security.

With a legacy stretching over three-quarters of a century, NATO’s evolution continues to be shaped by the challenges and opportunities the world presents.

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Written by

John Ensor

Originally from Doncaster, Yorkshire, John now lives in Galicia, Northern Spain with his wife Nina. He is passionate about news, music, cycling and animals.


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